Saturday, May 31, 2008

Inventions: 1st millennium BC (1000 BC to 1 BC)

The 1st millennium BC encompasses the Iron Age. It sees the rise of many
successive empires including Neo-Assyrian, Achaemenids, Roman and Hellenism
Empires In Greece; the Maury in South Asia; the Scythians in Central Asia;
Confucianism in China; the Maya civilization in Central America and the
Ethiopian civilization in Africa.
Also the religions of Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Hinduism (Vedic religion and
Vedanta), Jainism and Buddhism developed by this time.

900 BCUse of Cavalryin Mesopotamia by the Assyrians
750 BCFalse Teethin Etruria by the Etruscans (modern Italy)
750 BCMetal Locks and Keysin Rome
750 BCIron Scissors and Sawsin Europe
750 BCLensesin Greece, a set of 10 magnifying lenses with holders
700 BCGalley Warshipsin Phoenicia, with multiple level oars
700 BCMusical Notationin India
650 BC3D Paintingin Greece, on vases in Corinth
650 BCWindmillin Persia, to grind corn
640 BCCoinagein Lydia (modern Turkey)
600 BCLight Housein Mediterranean, a bonfire on a tower
592 BCAnchor, Mapsin Ancient Greece
500 BCSugar, Plastic / Cosmetic Surgery (Sushruta)in India
500 BCRailwayin Greece, 7km at the Corinth canal for moving boats
500 BCPassportin Persia, to allow government officials to travel without hinderence
478 BCDemocracyin Athens, Greece
440 BCArcheryin Greece
400 BCCatapultin Greece / Carthage
400 BCMirrorin Phoenicia (modern Lebanon), from Sidon
350 BCWater Wheel, Watermillin India
323 BCMuseumin Alexandria (Egypt)
300 BCCompassin China
300 BCScrewin Greece by Archytas
200 BCArchimedes Screw, Leverin Mesopotamia, by Archimedes used for irrigation
250 BCPistonin Egypt by Ctesibius
200 BCHorseshoein Ancient Rome

Thursday, May 29, 2008

Inventions: 2nd millennium BC (2000 BC to 1000 BC)

The 2nd millennium BC spans the transition from the Middle to the Late Bronze Age, then to the Iron Age. Invention of Chariot, development in alphabets, use of Iron and Steel are notable in this period of time.

1900 BCIronin Anatolia or Caucasus (modern Turky), Iron smelting and smithing techniques
1800 BCPermanent Dyesfor cloths from a marine snail
1750 BCFormal Medicinein Babylonia, formalized its study and practice
1700 BCAlphabetsin Phoenicia - Ugarit (modern Syria), simplified learning to write
1600 BCRubberin Mesoamerica, from a tree sap
1500 BCKiln Fired Bricksin Mesopotamia for stronger buildings
1400 BCChariotin Egypt, by the invading Hyksos (Asian nomads)
1400 BCSteelin Hittite (modern Turkey), adding carbon to iron
1400 BCBrushin Egypt, using hogs hair later horse hair
1200 BCMetal Swordsin Egypt
1150 BCTopographic Mapsin Egypt
1000 BCCoinsin China

Wednesday, May 28, 2008

Inventions: 3000 BC to 2000 BC

The 3rd millennium BC spans from the Early to the Middle Bronze Age, during this period of time, the imperialism and the desire to conquer grew to prominence in the city states of the Middle East, Eurasia, etc. Also Ancient Egypt was in the peak of its civilization.

2900 BCPyramidin Egypt
2800 BCSoapin Mesopotamia
2800 BCSicklein Sumeria
2630 - 2611 BCStep pyramidin Imhotep (Egypt)
2600 BCPapyrus, Suture, Pharmaceutical creamin Imhotep (Egypt)
2600 BCRopein China
2600 BCMummificationin Egypt
2600 BCSewage system, Toilet Indus Valley Civilization
2500 BCFlush toilet, ArchIndus Valley Civilization (Arch in Mohenjo-daro)
2500 BCSchoolsin Sumeria
2400 BCShipyardin Lothal (Indus Valley Civilization)
2000 BCWooden Locksin Egypt
2000 BCUnderwater Tunnelin Babylonia under the river Euphrates (modern Iraq) connecting king's palace with temple

Tuesday, May 27, 2008

Inventions: 5000 BC to 3000 BC

The 4th Millennium BC marks the beginning of the Bronze age and Writing. This period also witnessed the inventions of Silk, Plywood, Comb, Noodle, Boats etc.

4500 BCCity States and NationsMesopotamia, Indus Valley, Egypt, Yellow River civilisation
4500 BCMusical Instrumentsin Europe, Mesopotamia pipes made of bone, stringed harp
4500 BCMetalworkin Egypt
4000 BCBridgesin Africa
4000 BCCosmetics, Fragrancesin Egypt
4000 BCArithmaticin Mesopotamia by the Sumerians
4000 BCCanalin Mesopotamia
4000 BCStone paved streetin Ur (Iraq)
3807 BCTimber Engineered roadwayin England
3500 BCThe Wheel / Cartsby Sumerians
3500 BCWater Clockby Sumerians
3500 BCWritingby Sumerians
3500 BCSail Powered Boatsin Egypt (used on the Nile river)
3200 BCSilkin China (they developed the silk fabrics as early as 6000 BC)
3100 BCDrainagein the Indus Valley Civilization
3000 BCBronzein Mesopotamia
3000 BCPotter's Wheelin Mesopotamia
3000 BCSundial (Gnomon)in Egypt
3000 BCGlassin Middle East

Saturday, May 24, 2008

Inventions: 10,000 BC to 5000 BC

By the time 10,000 BC to 4000 BC the civilization has spread to many regions
covering Mesopotamia, Indus Valley, Ethiopia, etc and they made revolutionary changes in agriculture and in domestification of animals. They invented Pottery, Yoke, Coffee, Weaving, Concrete, etc. Lets have a look at the major inventions of that time.

10,000 BCAgriculturein the Fertile Crescent
9700 BCAdobein the Near East
9500 BCGranaryin Jordan Valley
9000 BCFixed Settlementsin Mesopotamia (modern Iraq)
9000 BCHarpoonin Polar, made of stone and wooden tubes
8700 BCMetalworking (Copper)in Mesopotamia
8500 BCWheat, Pea, Olive Cultivationin Mesopotamia
8500 BCDomestication of Sheep, Goatin Mesopotamia,first use of milk
8500 BCWalled Townin Jericho (modern Palestine)
7900 BCPotteryin China
7500 BCRice and Millet Cultivationin China, Yangtze Delta
7500 BCTerraced Roofsin Catal Huyuk (modern Turkey)
7000 BCBow drillin Mehrgarh (India)
7000 BCDental surgeryin Mehrgarh
7000 BCThe Yokein Mesopotamia, power from
7000 BCCoffeein Ethiopia
6500 BCWeavingin Middle East (modern Israel, Lebanon)
6200 BCMapin Catal Huyuk (Çatalhöyük)
6200 BCFunerary Objectsin Samarra - Mesopotamia
6000 BCMetal Smelting, Castingin Middle East
5400 BCBeer/Alcohol(wine)in Mesopotamia
5300 BCMonumental Buildingsin Mesopotamia, the first zigurats by the Eridu
5000 BCConcretein Central Europe, floor slabs for huts
5000 BCScales, Balancein Egypt

Inventions in the Paleolithic Era.

Lets start with some inventions of the Paleolithic Era or the "old stone age" (In Greek, palaios
means old and lithos means stone), extending from 2.5 to 2.6 million years to
10,000 BC. Actually noone can name the inventors of those age, I think no one can.

2.4 Ma*Stone Toolsin East Africa
1.65 MaStone Toolsin Kenya
1.4 MaKnifeEthiopia
1 MaControlled firein East Africa
1 MaSterilization of food and water (cooking)in East Africa
500 kaShelter construction
100-500 kaClothing
400 kaPigmentsin Zambia
400 kaSpearsin Germany
200 kaBurialin Africa
100 kaLithic bladesin Africa and the Near East
60 kaShipsprobably used by settlers of New Guinea
50 kaFlutein Slovenia
50 kaBowin Tunisia
43 kaMiningin Swaziland and Hungary
37 kaTally sticksin Swaziland
30 kaSewing needles
26 kaCeramicsin Moravia
25 kaAtlatlin Northwest Africa
17 katwisted Rope(probably much earlier)
15 kaBoomerangin Australia
12 kaBasket weaving

* Ma,(megaannum) is a unit of time equal to one million (10^6) years
** ka, (kiloannum) is a unit of time equal to one thousand years.

Welcome to the World's Greatest Inventions

You have just arrived the right page to find those great scientists who had changed our life style with their greatest inventions. I'll try to update this blog almost everyday with those great inventions they made history. I'll also try to sort them with a steady timeline so it will be easier for you to find the inventions you are looking for. And the most important thing is if i made any mistakes or errors in this blog please update me and let me correct them at the very next moment.

Disclaimer : I have tried my best to get the genuine contents for this blog and I dont take any responsibility on the genuinity of the contents I posted. You may use them at your own risk.